The endocrine system makes hormones. These are chemicals that control and coordinate many things in your body. This includes your:
Growth and development
Response to injury, stress, and environmental factors
Below is a list of hormones what they do in your body:
Where the hormone is made
What the hormone does
Controls salt, water balance, and blood pressure
Controls key functions in the body. Acts as an anti-inflammatory. Controls blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and muscle strength. Controls salt and water balance.
Antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)
Affects water retention in kidneys and sodium balance. Controls blood pressure.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Controls the making of cortisol and other steroids in the adrenal glands.
Growth hormone (GH)
Affects growth and development. Promotes the making of protein. Affects where fat is on the body.
Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Controls the making of sex hormones (estrogen and testosterone) and the making of eggs and sperm.
Triggers contraction of the uterus and milk release in breasts during breastfeeding. May play a role in trust and bonding, especially between parents and children.
Starts and keeps up the making of milk in breasts. Affects sex hormone levels.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Triggers the making and release of thyroid hormones
Controls blood pressure
Affects the making of red blood cells (RBCs)
Raises blood sugar levels
Lowers blood sugar levels. Triggers the metabolism of glucose, protein, and fat.
Affects growth and function of uterus and breasts. Helps protect bone health.
Grows the lining of the uterus for fertilization. Prepares the breasts for making milk.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Plays the most important role in controlling blood calcium levels
Controls metabolism. Affects growth, maturation, and nervous system activity.
Increases heart rate, oxygen intake, and blood flow
Maintains blood pressure
Controls sexual growth and function. Helps protect bone health.
Helps with sleep
Growth hormone- releasing hormone (GHRH)
Controls growth hormone release in the pituitary gland
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
Controls thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) release in the pituitary gland
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Controls the making of LH/FSH in the pituitary gland
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Controls adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) release in the pituitary gland
Helps develop the immune system during puberty