Drugs like cocaine and marijuana can cause a lot of harm to a baby in the womb. Many people of childbearing age in the U.S. use some form of drugs.
A person taking drugs during pregnancy raises their risk for:
Blood and heart infections
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Other infectious diseases
Almost every drug goes from the pregnant parent’s bloodstream through the placenta to the baby. Drugs that cause addiction in the parent also cause the baby to be addicted.
In some states marijuana is legal. But pregnant and breastfeeding people should still not use it. When used in pregnancy, it may be linked to cognitive and behavioral problems in the baby.
Use of this drug by a pregnant person can lead to:
Preterm delivery of the baby
Premature detachment of the placenta
High blood pressure
The baby is more likely to have:
Low birth weight
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
These can cause:
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDs)
Signs of withdrawal in the newborn, such as shaking, and trouble sleeping and feeding
Later problems in the baby with tremors and muscle tone
This includes methadone. These can cause:
Major withdrawal in the baby, with some symptoms lasting for weeks
Apnea (stopping breathing)
If you take drugs and need help to stop, talk with a healthcare provider. If a person stops taking drugs during the first trimester, they increase their chances of having a healthy baby.